Molecular Weight 80.04 . Causes skin irritation. Ammonium Nitrate Safety - Whitepaper Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound with the power to feed billions but also the potential to devastate. headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin Strong oxidizer. It is highly soluble in water; heating of the water solution decomposes the salt to nitrous oxide (laughing gas). The explosion killed 507 people and injured 1917. Causes eye irritation. Ammonium nitrate is not flammable under normal applications and is not considered a fire risk, but will support combustion in an existing fire by liberating oxygen – even if smothered. The blending, storage, transport and use of fertilisers is commonplace (source UK.Gov). The plant and approximately 700 houses nearby were destroyed21. Ammonium nitrate is stable in solid, molten or in solution. blood), rapid heart rate, unconsciousness and possible death. Not listed EC No. May cause methemoglobinemia, which is characterized by   %%EOF The primary hazard associated with Ammonium Nitrate the potential for explosion. Contact with other PubChem Substance ID 329752251. May cause methemoglobinemia, (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation of the 1 Reagent Lane EC Number 229-347-8.   NACRES NA.21 Methemoglobinemia is characterized by dizziness, drowsiness, The hazardous substances stored at the plant consisted of ammonia (both cryogenically and under pressure), chlorine However, it can become less resistant to detonation/initiation due to the presence of contaminants or on exposure to high temperatures (e.g. Inhalation can 1.1 This Guideline covers a single hazardous material – Technical Grade Ammonium Nitrate (TGAN), except where otherwise noted. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. 229-347-8 Product Code S5102020     The genomes of n-DAMO archaea show that they have the potential to couple anaerobic oxidation of methane to dissimilatory nitrate reduction to ammonium (DNRA). Although news sources like the New York Times and CNN have described it as a "highly explosive chemical," ammonium nitrate isn't technically classified as an explosive, or even flammable, material. Potential Health Effects Identified uses SDS # : 311 Synonyms : This safety data sheet applies to the following: SOL19 - Ammonium Nitrate Solution DA190 260 0 obj <>stream Chronic: Therefore, long-term storage of the material presents safety concerns. But there are concerns about national regulations not being applied that could potentially lead to another explosion It … Only under extreme conditions of heat and pressure in a confined space will ammonium nitrate explode. MSDS Name: Ammonium nitrate Because solid ammonium nitrate can undergo explosive decomposition when heated in a confined space, government regulations have been imposed on its shipment and storage. 0 Evacuation is recommended if the initial (incipient) … SAFETY DATA SHEET According to 1907/2006/EC, Article 31 Ammonium Nitrate Section 1: Identification of the substance/mixture and of the company / undertaking 1.1 Product Identifier Product Name Ammonium Nitrate Other Names CAS No. shortness, cyanosis (bluish skin due to deficient oxygenation of     Hygroscopic (absorbs Ensure that ammonium nitrate is not exposed to strong shock waves from explosives. endstream endobj startxref 1.0 SCOPE AND PURPOSE . Methemoglobinemia is characterized by For information, call: 201-796-7100 Despite safety concerns, ammonium nitrate remains an important fertilizer worldwide as it is effective, cheap and easy to manufacture.   You may associate ammonium nitrate with explosives; it's commonly used in safety explosives and pyrotechnics as well as fertilizer. Linear Formula NH 4 NO 3. Ingestion: But there are some critical issues to understand to best protect a facility that stores or handles ammonium nitrate.   Eye: May h�bbd``b`z$ � ���:���0 �� �&H� +H�)i�v��y Ŭ 1��|��#��\瀄���$�K�2�,Fj��4? Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is com - monly used in fertilizers. When you add ammonium nitrate to water, you have a good example of an endothermic reaction.   Ammonium nitrate ACS reagent, ≥98% CAS Number 6484-52-2. Fair Lawn, NJ 07410 A new fact sheet published by NFPA, the National Fire Protection Association, provides information about ammonium nitrate safety for business owners and facility managers.   : A676-212; A676-500 CAS-No 6484-52-2 Synonyms Nitric acid ammonium salt (Granular/Certified ACS) Recommended Use Laboratory chemicals. Ammonium Nitrate is incompatible with, and must be stored away from, tetranitromethane, dichloroisocyanuric acid, trichloroisocyanuric acid, any bromate, chlorate, chlorite, hypochlorite or chloroisocyanurate or any inorganic nitrite. There is an extreme risk that ammonium nitrate involved in a fire may detonate, especially if confined. What happened in Beirut is not a singular occurrence; between 20 and 30 major catastrophic explosions involving ammonium nitrate have been reported since the chemical was first used as … Ammonium Nitrate is not in itself combustible but, as it is an oxidising agent, it can assist other materials to burn, even if air is excluded. Ammonium nitrate will not explode due to the friction and impact found in normal handling, but it can be detonated under heat and confinement or severe shock. skin.   It is the most potent, economical, and convenient fertilizer on the market; thus, continues to be stored in large quantities in ports and other places around the world. The fact sheet offers information for facility management, including: manufacture of ammonium nitrate/fuel oil explosive used in quarries and civil engineering) and nitrogenous solutions (1,000 t/d). Emergency Number: 201-796-7100 It is principally used as an agricultural fertilizer, in the manufacturing of first aid products (such as cold packs), and explosives used in the mining and construction industries.   6484-52-2 Index No. Synonyms: ��` Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. fire or radiant heat). Fisher Scientific irritation. material may cause a fire. due to deficient oxygenation of the blood), rapid heart rate and For CHEMTREC assistance, call: 800-424-9300 Identification Product Name Ammonium nitrate Cat No. Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety … AC205860000, AC205860010, AC205861000, AC205865000, AC423350000, Blast puts safety of ammonium nitrate under scrutiny Shipped under the proper guidelines, ammonium nitrate is safe. Avoid breathing dust. Ammonium nitrate is a colourless crystalline substance (melting point 169.6 °C [337.3 °F]). Nitrate/nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation (n-DAMO) is critical for mitigating methane emission and returning reactive nitrogen to the atmosphere. Inform laundry personnel of contaminant's hazards. However, as has been highlighted once more by the Beirut incident, ammonium nitrate’s susceptibility to fire and explosion due to poor storage practices or contamination present significant risks. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical compound produced in both solid and liquid form that is commonly used in fertilizers. Avoid localized heating of ammonium nitrate, potentially leading to development of high temperature areas. blood), rapid heart rate and chocolate-brown blood. charcoal, or other organic materials should be considered an It's used in mining operations and fertilizer. 1.1.1 TGAN is a US Department of Transportation (DOT) Class 5 Oxidizer, Division 5.1, UN1942, PG III material. Avoid low pH (acidic) conditions. 218 0 obj <> endobj cyanosis (bluish discoloration of skin due to deficient oxygenation   Skin: Causes respiratory tract irritation. AC423350010, AC423350250, A676-212, A676-500, S75244 At the time of the event 4500 tonnes of ammonium sulphate nitrate compound fertilizer (ASN) were stored in the silo. SAFETY AND SECURITY GUIDELINES FOR AMMONIUM NITRATE . Causes eye, skin, and respiratory tract Ammonium nitrate when contaminated with oil, Manufacture of specialty fertilizers. chocolate-brown colored blood.   Nitric acid, ammonium salt; Norway saltpeter.   Numerous safety guidelines are available for storing and handling ammonium nitrate. But not all ammonium nitrate experiments end with a bang. chocolate-brown colored blood, headache, weakness, dizziness, breath Appearance: white to gray to brown solid. Aluminum bins and wooden bins protected … Evacuate the area in all directions for one (1) mile or more if any amount of ammonium nitrate is involved in a fire. cause systemic acidosis and methemoglobinemia. Ammonium nitrate rating is non flammable, a fire from ammonium nitrate is very unlikely, but it is a strong oxidizing agent that can cause combustible materials (such as wood, paper, and oil) to ignite. May cause methemoglobinemia. NFPA developed the fact sheet following the August explosion in Beirut, Lebanon, that killed at least 200 people, injured thousands, and left approximately 300,000 homeless. Ingestion of large amounts may cause gastrointestinal irritation.   Manufacture of inorganic products. Destabilization, however, can occur when flames or fire heats the ammonium nitrate causing it to become self-reactive and give off gases that are flammable and can ignite.   Store in cool place and out of direct sunlight. For International CHEMTREC assistance, call: 703-527-3887. Most petitions to the judges made reference to the fact that the ammonium nitrate was dangerous, and some cited the threat it posed to the safety of port employees. The following can cause ammonium nitrate to become less stable and at … Inhalation: Destabilization, however, can occur when flames or fire heats the ammonium nitrate causing it to become self-reactive and give off gases that are flammable and can ignite. South Australia's workplace safety watchdog says ammonium nitrate is stored at about 170 locations across South Australia, but that the sites are secure, frequently monitored and pose a low risk. Uses advised against Food, drug, pesticide or biocidal product use Details of the supplier of the safety …   h�b``a``Z������� 2�0�1GÓ` w5D�Iq��쇒@�zG�[��Qf -�� FVAF�F��bXn�[��`8̤Ѱ�!�A;@���]v;�y��J�a��`~1K���[d3�IR̹ ���@� -G SAFETY DATA SHEET Creation Date 05-Oct-2010 Revision Date 25-Apr-2019 Revision Number 4 1. moisture from the air). eCl@ss 38060309 . Due to the corrosive and reactive properties of ammonium nitrate, and to avoid contamination, galvanized iron, copper, lead, and zinc shall not be used in a bin construction unless suitably protected. dizziness, drowsiness, headache, shortness of breath, cyanosis Danger! of the blood), convulsions, tachycardia, dyspnea (labored Target Organs: Blood, respiratory system, eyes, Pure ammonium nitrate is stable, and when stored properly, it poses few safety hazards. breathing), and death. Ammonium nitrate is classed as an explosive under the UN classification system, which means it is subject to strict controls under the Explosives Act 1875. Ammonium nitrate is a chemical that exists in multiple concentrations and physical forms. Ammonium Nitrate Solution Relevant identified uses of the substance or mixture and uses advised against Fertilizer solution. Company Identification: cause digestive tract disturbances. 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