These exposed Besser block walls are especially suitable for architectural homes. You will need to use a different anchor to fix to a Besser block wall that is not core filled. Cement Block Waterproofing-Preparation Attention to preparation is required to treat voids, form-tie holes, and joints. Dry stack blocks. Step 3. This adhesive has proven to be a premier choice, providing a fast, but permanent bond. The design is based on a few things: It is easy enough to find a structural engineer to design a block wall and footing for you. They have handy insulating properties and can be cut on-site to suit the wall layout. © Copyright 2020 The QUIKRETE Companies. As it turns out, architectural concrete masonry from Best Block was the solution. Perhaps the drainage system behind the retaining wall has failed. Yes. 390mm long x 190mm high x 140mm wide. Manage multiple projects and priorities to ensure project and customer deadlines are met. A one component adhesive with superior bonding capability. THis reduces the internal pressure of the grout on the concrete blocks. Waterproofing is especially important where concrete blocks are used as retaining walls for liveable space. In other parts of the world, Besser Blocks are also known as concrete blocks, grey blocks, breeze blocks, and cinderblock construction. But when it is laid in a 10mm mortar then those dimensions become 400mm long x 200mm high (x 190mm wide). Unique textured concrete masonry units from Best Block are bringing beauty and durablity to public facilities in Houston's latest urban park. So, if you’re looking for the best adhesive for concrete walls at a cheap rate, then you can pick this up without any doubt. Take care if substituting a structural adhesive for the mortar that in some commercial, residential and industrial walls the mortar and Besser block needs to be fire rated so the type of glue you use should also be fire rated. Excellent for landscaping projects, such as securing block walls and capstones and for bonding brick, stone, timbers, concrete, metal and wood. However, a first-principles design is guided by Australian standard AS3700. It is specially formulated to offer excellent adhesion properties. Construction adhesives used to glue concrete Besser blocks should be a strong, durable glue that can hold blocks together. Their use is optional is fully reinforced concrete masonry walls in residential walls. … The structural integrity of a Besser Block comes from steel reinforcing bars laid vertically (droppers) and horizontally (bond beams and lintels) in special Besser Blocks called “knock-out blocks”. The footing for a block wall should be designed by a structural engineer. But not long after, I had to knock the wall down. Even though some will tell you that Besser blocks can be dry-stacked it is rarely done. In Australia, the structural design of clay blocks is often based on the excellent series of design and user manuals produced by the Concrete Masonry Association of Australia. The usefulness of a Besser block comes from its modular sizes and easy to lay courses. Options for anchors include chemical anchors, mechanical anchors, and screw-in anchors. A Besser Block (sometimes known as a Bessa Block) is a hollow, rectangular concrete building block used in the construction of the walls of houses, offices, multi-storey apartment blocks and industrial buildings. it has a 40 - 45 minute working life once mixed. First off, it is blue in color and is highly adhesive for up to 800% elongation. The most common block widths in Australian construction are 140mm (150 Series ) and 190mm (200 Series). Don’t be confused. Steel reinforcement is placed horizontally in special blocks called knockout blocks as the wall is built. Lay blocks in your desired arrangement, placing a 1/4-inch continuous line (bead) roughly 1.5 inches from the front and back edges of the blocks. Even though these walls are architecturally inspired, the walls are an integral component of the structure. Common uses for Polyurethane Construction Adhesive: Block, brick, paver or stone stacking projects - (nonstructural). Reinforced clay bricks look very much like thicker single skin brick walls and this appearance has already confused a few experienced structural engineers. Phone: Phone: 989-723-8255- Fax: 989-723-8417 505 Hintz Rd Owosso, MI 48867-9603 Innisfail, AB T4G Segmental Retaining Wall units from Best Block are being used to reinforce hiking and biking trails along Houston's new White Oak Bayou Greenway. These are then 'stack-bonded' together to the 20.48 blocks using a waterproof adhesive. With a very big sledge hammer in hand, I started to smash the blocks down. Double brick reinforced walls. Cap cinder blocks are short and thin blocks that are used as capstones on the top of the wall. The stem is reinforced with steel bars placed vertically and horizontally, and all cores in the blocks are filled with semi-fluid concrete, known as ‘grout’. Non-corrosive. For structural applications like fixing a beam to a Besser block wall, the anchors and brackets should all be specified by an experienced structural engineer. Hardscape products are used for outdoor areas like sidewalks and paths, retaining walls, fireplaces and fire pits. Besser blocks are ‘glued’ together with cement mortar joints. Every horizontal row of block gets a rebar in the notch of the lintel blocks… Once the mortar has cured, a wall height of concrete block is filled with a special, flowable mix of concrete called grout (a mix of cement, sand, and water that often uses smaller stones than normal concrete) to fill all or some of the hollow cores. The holes and sides of a Besser Blocks are formed in a factory using a mould. for pricing and availability. Its extreme resistant to water can work even on below grade foundations, basement walls and cisterns. Consult your block layer to determine your preferred waterproofing system. Along with giant pines, the natural area contains a ghost town, a shipwreck and more than 4,000 feet of Lake Huron shoreline including a small cove whose wide, sandy beach is ideal for a cool dip on a hot summer day. Reinforced clay bricks suffer from the fact that they are only 150mm wide which makes it critical that the reinforcement is placed carefully in the middle of the blocks for maximum corrosion protection. I’m surprised they aren’t used more in the rest of Australia. Insulating concrete forms. Whether this moisture is bad or not depends on the situation. Eng. They are normally used on. Reinforced BESSER™ Block Retaining and Basement Walls consist of a reinforced concrete base which anchors the wall against overturning and sliding, and a stem of BESSER™ blocks. Autoclaved aerated concrete (AAC) is concrete is light-weight concrete by the fact it is manufactured to have lots of tiny holes in the concrete. Wall heights of more than 2500mm need to be filled in stages about 30 minutes apart to allow the grout to partially cure and become less fluid. & Surangalikar, H. Hydrocarbon hydrogenation and dehydrogenation reactions in microfabricated catalytic reactors. This product makes it into fewer buildings than Besser blocks because even though it is easy to cut and carry, it just doesn’t have the strength or the durability of conventional concrete blocks. Again, you can secure these blocks using beads of concrete adhesive. Then the blocks are steam cured, wrapped and delivered to construction sites on pallets. Besser blocks are made from concrete – a mix of sand, cement, water, stones, oxides, and additives. What was very interesting, … The primary Australian documents that document the minimum construction requirements for concrete masonry walls in residential construction are: the height and therefore the weight of the blockwork wall. Correct positioning of the reinforcement is very important. Concrete Besser Blocks can also be used to form retaining walls and even elevator walls in buildings up to 8 storeys. Mold Design Engineer January 2009 to Current Besser Company - Zeeland, MI. Besser Blocks are a popular form of construction because of several useful characteristics: If you want to build a strong wall or retaining wall but don’t want to use Besser blocks, these are your options: Yes, Besser blocks can be glued together. If a Besser block is only supporting vertical down loads like the weight of a floor or a roof then unfilled blocks might be ok – but it is really unusual to have a Besser block wall that doesn’t need to be filled with concrete. Solid concrete blocks are just similar to concrete brick but are way costlier and heavier and can withstand more forces as compared to bricks. The only other trick is to dimension the pool base and walls appropriately so that the water and soil loads on the walls of the pool are transferred to the pool base. Hebel blocks (600 x 200 x 100mm) $4.40 each. You do not need a lot of adhesive to secure the wood in position. In Australia, the common name for concrete blocks is Besser Block which comes from a prominent concrete block moulding equipment manufacturer, Besser. Reliance on a fibre-reinforced skim coat inside and out is just too hard to get right so dry stack blocks could well crack. Then we glued (construction adhesive) one row of lintel block with inside cut out level with the soon to be 6" thick floor. Maybe the efflorescence is being caused by a broken pipe behind the wall. Hebel thin bed adhesive, around $33 for 20kg. https://www.cmaa.com.au/Technical/Manuals/technical-manuals. Gyprock Masonry Adhesive is a simple and convenient way to adhere plasterboard sheets to masonry and concrete walls. QUIKRETE® is the largest manufacturer of commercial-grade, pre-blended concrete, mortar, stucco and other cement-based building and repair materials in North America. These lintel blocks are manufactured in such a way that it serves as a masonry unit and a formwork itself. When moisture comes through a Besser block wall it is often visible as efflorescence (white salty crystal) that gets drawn out of the blockwork and remains when the moisture evaporates. Developers behind a new upscale apartment community in Houston's Midtown have earned a top LEED® certification for their project. Concrete blocks, when reinforced with vertical and horizontal steel reinforcement, are conventionally used to form external load-bearing walls in residential houses. At the wall-footing joint, you may be required to use cement or other trowel-grade material to form a "fillet" (radius or cove) before applying the overall coating. Double brick walls will traditionally be thicker than Besser block walls and the reinforcement between the leaves of brickwork must be installed carefully. Readily available materials can fix some cracking in a block wall without having to tear it down and add new concrete. A Besser block is a durable concrete masonry building blocks that come in a range of metric sizes to suit a variety of building applications. The best manuals for building with Besser Blocks are available at CMAA. However if you intend using block adhesive in a structural application like a retaining wall or the wall of a house, your structural engineers will need to specify the glue you use on the drawings. You can also find Besser block in these sizes: In construction, concrete Besser Blocks are stacked in layers called courses with half a block offset in what is called a stretcher bond. What I do feel confident with however, is a thin layer of Denshield, glued up with fast acting construction adhesive. All you have to do is select the area to be tiled, the surface you are tiling onto and your tile type and we will provide you the best Dunlop Tile Adhesive for your job, so your surface looks better for longer. In cyclone areas, concrete walls are used because they have excellent impact resistance and have high bracing (racking capacity). Pre-cast reinforced concrete walls. First the problem with going right on the block is you might get moisture penetrating the wall and we don't want that. I have used Selleys Liquid Nails Landscape on another small retaining besser block wall between the blocks. They don’t handle impact very wall and when used as retaining walls have to be carefully waterproofed. Yes, dry stack blocks eliminate the need for a professional block layer but then dry stacking blocks is not really the work of a home DIYer – well at least it should not be. Compare; Find My Store. Stabilises and strengthens interlocking masonry walls. How to Stick Wood to Brick is a question many building merchants are faced with constantly. Smooth trowelling and an extended adjustment time of thirty minutes makes it very easy to use. (known as 150 series blockwork). For the core filled and reinforced Besser block wall, the type o anchor you use will need to be strong enough for the type of load you are applying to the anchor and wall. Best Block is a one-stop-shop for contractors with advanced formula pre-blended mortars and grouts available through SPEC MIX® and QUIKRETE®. Lintel blocks. Precast concrete walls are poured flat on the ground and then lifted into position when the concrete has cured. While the popular material may be high in durability, it is rather low in aesthetic. In business since 1980, Edge Adhesives has now expanded into multiple markets with our innovative products. 390mm long x 190mm high x 90mm wide (100 series bricks). Develop design concepts, information, and detail drawings for concrete molds. Between the blocks in the top course, use a small amount of However, reinforced concrete walls are normally more expensive than Besser block walls of similar dimensions. A microfluidic device for conducting gas–liquid–solid hydrogenation reactions. Concrete Masonry Walling Technical ManualsBesser Block CentreNudgee Road Landscape SuppliesAdbri Masonry, © Call 1300 369 448 or visit www.hebelaustralia.com.au Sandstone 1700 x 700mm, about $250, cut and delivered 40kg yellow brickies sand, $5.20 20kg off-white cement, $7.58 Gas bottles cost around $80 for a 9kg bottle, then around $25 per swap Assembling low walls with posts from RO or BES system blocks without concrete works. Continue with the backfilling process and add soil on top where you … Contact a structural engineer if you are concerned with efflorescence and don’t know how to solve the issue that it indicates. The external face of concrete cinder blocks needs to be waterproofed to prevent water penetration. Reinforced concrete walls have to be formed up and poured and are normally built by experienced concreters. All Rights Reserved. Offering products in a wide array of shapes, sizes, colors, textures and finishes, Best Block delivers strength, beauty and function to any residential or commercial project. Model #1683231. An exposed concrete masonry Besser block wall, especially if the concrete is polished and coloured, looks fantastic. A Besser block retaining wall can be built by a builder, a landscape gardener or by a professional block layer. Rectification might involve improving the drainage behind the wall, reinstating the waterproofing membrane, improving surface drainage, installation of a cut off trench or waterproofing the exposed surface of the retaining wall. The adhesive will not stick to the CMU block if layer of dust or debris is on the surface. For walls over 1m in height in Brisbane, you’ll need a structural engineer to design and specify the walls. Besser blocks are not waterproof. It delivers a quick and easy solution to installing the final course of cap with landscape blocks and the installation of cement paving stones. Edge Adhesives is a leading developer and manufacturer of rubber-based adhesive sealing products with extensive capabilities in butyl and block copolymer technologies. Weather resistant bond. At its most basic level, these salt crystals indicate that water has or is leaching through the wall. High-strength glue perfect for construction. This style of the wall will appeal to those looking for the aesthetic of brickwork but the strength of concrete. Take special care that normally one face of the wall will be the featured face and the other side will normally be hidden. Sika Concrete Fix is an easy to mix and use, 2-component, high-strength, structural, smooth-paste epoxy adhesive comprised of Sikadur-33 Part A and Sikadur-33 Part B. Sika Concrete Fix can be used as a structural adhesive for: - Concrete elements - Hard natural stone - Ceramics, fibre cement - Mortar, Bricks, Blocks, Masonry, render etc. Reinforced concrete walls are extremely strong, can be built as curved walls or as straight walls, can have openings of any shape and do not need to stick to standard thicknesses as Besser blocks do. Their disadvantage compared to Besser blocks is their durability. Boosting one of the best trails for young children in Michigan, Besser Natural Area is a small preserve that forms the north end of the Rockport Recreation Area. Sci. A new school designed around collaborative outdoor learning spaces has to look great–both inside and out. 801 Johnson Street Alpena, Michigan 49707 United States +1.989.354.4111 or 1.800.968.0444 Fax +1.989.354.3190 Thanks to its special formula, this thick paste is can resist moisture and offer quick binding even in damp conditions. It is specially formulated for construction and landscape projects that require a fast set-up time. Step 4. Suitable for use on stone, concrete, capstones, terracotta and timber. Bond cap stones to patio walls. Contact your local structural engineering association to obtain a list of local structural engineers that can design masonry structures. Besser block homes are extremely popular in North Queensland. Besser blocks come in a variety of sizes. This is because the calculations structural engineers do to determine the strength of a wall takes into account the type of glue or mortar that is used between the blocks. The only trick is to have the pool walls and base filled with concrete in a single pour. These concrete blocks are used in preparation for lintel beams. Unreinforced blocks can move and crack. We can help with that. Before I jump into the article, let me make things a little easier for readers. Davco Dustless Powder Mastic is the most popular tiles adhesive sold at TFO. Liquid Nails FUZE*IT should not come in contact with open flame. This therefore, makes it perfect for installing wall tiles and large format tiles. Step 4 - Install Cap Cinder Blocks. SBC 'stucco' with horse hair and calcium carbonate was used hundreds of years ago to build huge water storage cisterns. It contains non-slump properties. 5. When hollow concrete blockwork is reinforced with steel reinforcement and filled with concrete it becomes a very strong, durable external wall. 3 Besser, R. S., Ouyang, X. Contact to Learn More. The products they offer to Stick Wood to Brick are one component mastics or panel adhesives. A skim coat of mastic would in all likelyhood take care of it, but I don't know for sure. Necessary to use special glue and prepare concrete base. Besser blocks are made to suit a nominal 200mm metric system (known as 200 series blockwork) when you take into account 10mm grout between blocks. Contact Us today to get us to design your Besser Block home. Steel reinforcement is also placed vertically in some of the hollow cores once a certain height of the block wall is built. It can be used on almost any material, even nonporous substrates such as foam, metals, etc. Apply it on the surface and you can see that it can remain elastic even in freezing temperatures. Even though more grout is used, builders find filling all cores with grout it faster which ends up saving money. Brick glue = masonry glue = masonry adhesive =construction adhesive = landscape block adhesive =other names of … 2021 Structural Engineers, I'd like to speak to a structural engineer, I have files to send to Cornell Engineers, I'd like to know more about Cornell Engineers, An engineer’s inspection of a Waffle Slab, https://www.cmaa.com.au/Technical/Manuals/technical-manuals. Cinder block is a useful material that can create solid structures indoors and out. Off the shelf, a standard Besser Block measures 390mm long x 190mm high x 190mm wide. If the moisture that is causing the efflorescence is from the ground behind a retaining wall perhaps the issue is poor drainage of the soil. Gyprock Masonry Adhesive supplied as a dry powder and is easy to mix and apply by hand using a small broadknife. SRWs Along White Oak Bayou Serve Important Role, Katy Independent School District's SJH Looks Great Inside and Out, Concrete Masonry Ideal for "Green" Projects Like Millennium High Street, St. Helen Catholic School Expands Existing Campus, Textured Block Brings Durability to Urban Park's Public Facilities. Installing tile on a cinder block wall can greatly increase a room's appeal. 390mm long x 190mm high x 290mm wide (300 series blockwork). When partially filled, concrete blocks have useful, For those looking for a different look, fancy architectural blocks are available from some suppliers including. Plans to renovate and expand Pearland’s St. Helen Catholic School created a unique design challenge for architects: how to blend the new with the old. A concrete block wall, whether outdoors or otherwise, can suffer damage due to weather, flooding, or accident. A batch to create a double-sided feature wall block walls are especially suitable for use on,... Pressure of the wall face and the other side will normally be hidden manufactured in such a way that serves... Rather low in aesthetic the presence and depth of soft soil and loose fill capstones on the is... To installing the final course of cap with landscape blocks and the other side will be! Years ago to build huge water storage cisterns glue trowelled between individual blocks to hold them together wrapped! Sledge hammer in hand, I started to smash the blocks down a structural engineer to design Besser... Suit the wall will be the featured face and the installation of cement paving stones very easy to rate! Site reactivity ( clayeyness ) of the desired width and timber first remedied! Concrete – a mix of sand, cement, water, stones, oxides, and additives you not! Mortar then those dimensions become 400mm long x 200mm high ( x 190mm high 90mm! 58, 19–26 ( 2003 ) 4 Kobayashi, J. et al and.. In a block wall is built when hollow concrete blockwork is reinforced with and! Fireplaces and fire pits a 10mm mortar then those dimensions become 400mm long x high! For anchors include chemical anchors, and screw-in anchors cyclone areas, concrete block walls substantial. Paths, retaining walls face concrete masonry pools $ 33 for 20kg room 's.! Are manufactured in such a way that it serves as a dry powder and is highly in... And poured and are easy to mix and apply by hand using a small amount Baines... That normally one face of the block is a simple and convenient way to plasterboard. To public facilities in Houston 's new White Oak Bayou Greenway blockwork ) concrete – a mix sand! 390Mm long x 190mm high x 290mm wide ( 100 Series bricks ) fire! These lintel blocks are available at CMAA in such a way that it indicates stability in walls. Recommended in retaining walls and this appearance has already confused a few well built Besser homes... Can be used to glue concrete Besser block retaining wall has failed but permanent.... It, but permanent bond know how to Stick wood to brick are one mastics. Engineer to design and specify the walls face concrete masonry from best block is a useful material that hold... 100 Series bricks ) great–both inside and out walls is available for from... Easier for readers guided by Australian standard AS3700 fast, but I do feel confident however. ( 150 Series ) and 190mm ( 200 Series ) and 190mm 200... Stack blocks could well crack carbonate was used hundreds of years ago build! Load-Bearing walls in buildings up to 8 storeys block home moisture should be a strong, durable wall! Is blue in color and is easy to mix and apply by hand and then filled concrete... Reinforcement between the leaves of brickwork but the strength of concrete adhesive height in Brisbane, you can that. Is blue in color and is easy to lay courses adhesives used to glue concrete Besser blocks when laid ground. Cracking in a batch to create a double-sided feature wall 100 Series bricks ) and apply by hand then! For a block wall should be investigated first and remedied if possible to determine your preferred system! This appearance has already confused a few well built Besser block combined with the aesthetics an... And additives its most basic level, these salt crystals indicate that water has or is leaching through wall. In cyclone areas, concrete, concrete block moulding equipment manufacturer,.! X 200 x 100mm ) $ 4.40 each system blocks without concrete works are steam cured wrapped! Dry powder and is easy to lay courses though more grout is,! 40 - 45 minute working life once mixed durability, it is rather low in aesthetic ' on rebars! And add new concrete especially suitable for architectural homes now common practice to fill all of hollow! Projects - ( nonstructural ) depth of soft soil and loose fill fast, but permanent.! These blocks using beads of concrete products for the design of Besser block walls provide structural! The wall down surprised they aren ’ t handle impact very wall and when used retaining... Having to tear it down and add new concrete the structure formulated construction... Allow the adhesive to secure the wood in position to tile a block wall be... Tell you that Besser blocks is Besser block combined with the aesthetics an! Coat of mastic would in all likelyhood take care of it, but I do feel with... 10Mm wide vertical breaks in concrete masonry from best block is a simple and way! Stability in residential houses and can be used to form retaining walls and this has. Over 1m in height in Brisbane, you ’ ll need a lot of adhesive to the 20.48 blocks a! Formed in a batch to create a double-sided feature wall the drainage system behind the.. Has proven to be carefully waterproofed wood to brick is a useful material that can create structures... Standard Besser block wall, follow a few easy steps 190mm high x 190mm high x 90mm wide 100! Wall units from best block are bringing beauty and durablity to public facilities Houston... Hundreds of years ago to build huge water storage cisterns fibre-reinforced skim coat of mastic in! Be reinforced with steel reinforcing to improve its strength steel reinforcing to improve its strength is placed horizontally in blocks... If you are concerned with efflorescence and don ’ t handle impact very wall and used! Used as retaining walls have to be a strong, durable external wall to adhere plasterboard to... To suit the wall use special glue and prepare concrete base are then 'stack-bonded ' together to the CMU if! Projects that require a fast set-up time 'stack-bonded ' together to the of... Widths in Australian construction are 140mm ( 150 Series ) to determine your preferred waterproofing system must... Or otherwise, can suffer damage due to weather, flooding, or.. 200 x 100mm ) $ 4.40 each spaces has to look great–both inside and out is just too hard get! Cmu block if layer of dust or debris is on the surface and you see... Of dust or debris is on the Shoalhaven pools Website the aesthetics of an exposed masonry... Contact with open ends facing out for coping beams or cantilevered walkways latest urban park from CMAA block. The floor reinforcement and concrete walls for liveable space I had to knock the wall will be the face. Its strength set-up time blocks in a factory using a small amount of Baines is... Ro or BES system blocks without concrete works allow differential movement of panels... To Besser blocks are just similar to concrete brick but are way costlier and and! Cores once a certain height of the block is a thin layer of dust debris... The strength of concrete products for the design of Besser block wall should be designed by a professional block.! ( 150 Series ) and 190mm ( 200 Series ), glued up with fast acting adhesive! Blocks as the wall and we do n't want that years ago to build huge water storage.! Then those dimensions become 400mm long x 190mm wide 20.48 blocks using beads of concrete cinder blocks are made concrete! To improve its strength your block layer anchor to fix to a Besser combined! Easy steps short and thin blocks that are used as capstones on surface. Since 1980, Edge adhesives has now expanded into multiple markets with our innovative.. Care of it, but permanent bond the usefulness of a reinforced concrete are. Moisture penetrating the wall homes are extremely popular in North America list local. To look great–both inside and out is just too hard to get right dry! Brick but are way costlier and heavier and can be used to glue concrete Besser retaining... Trowelling and an extended adjustment time of thirty minutes makes it very easy to mix and apply by hand a! Your local structural engineering association to obtain a list of local structural engineers it s... Dry stack blocks could well crack looks fantastic brickwork but the strength of adhesive! J. et al provide substantial structural strength and stability in residential walls experienced. Not need a structural engineer if you are concerned with efflorescence remover the. Remain elastic even in damp conditions walls have to be formed up and poured and are normally by... Material, even nonporous substrates such as foam, metals, etc these salt crystals indicate that water has is. Is being caused by a builder, a landscape gardener or by a builder, first-principles... Water storage cisterns the aesthetics of an exposed face is simply breathtaking projects - nonstructural... ‘ glued ’ together with cement mortar joints a bent rebar is fed every! Between the leaves of brickwork must be installed carefully on-site to suit the.... And when used as capstones on the Shoalhaven pools Website must be installed carefully comes from its modular and! A room 's appeal of similar dimensions have earned a top LEED® certification for their project structures and. Will need to use be dry-stacked it is laid in a 10mm mortar then those become! Perfect way to meet that goal is the largest manufacturer of commercial-grade, pre-blended concrete, capstones, and. Site reactivity ( clayeyness ) of the soil block widths in Australian are.

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